RAJSHAHI, Dec 23 (BSS)- Early detection and subsequent proper treatment is very important to thwart cervical and breast cancers, cancer specialists said.
They stated that cervical and breast cancers are the foremost causes of cancer related mortality of women in developing countries like Bangladesh.
On the contrary, they said the sufferings caused by the disease alongside the rate of mortality and morbidity could be reduced to a greater extent through early detection and timely and full-course treatment.
They, however, said wide-ranging creation of mass awareness could be the effective means of addressing the social burden.
Prof Dr Dayem Uddin, Head of Radiotherapy and Oncology Department of Rajshahi Medical College Hospital (RMCH), said unconsciousness, early marriage, early child birth, onset of sexual activity at young age, multiple sexual partners, history of presence of Sexual Transmitting Infection (STI), low socio- economic status and venereal diseases have so far been identified as the risk factors for the disease.
Likewise, late marriage, confirmed bachelor, apathy to breast feeding, excessive consumption of alcohol and fatty health condition are the risk factors for breast cancer.
Prof Dayem said creation of awareness, education to reduce high- risk sexual behaviour and measures to reduce and avoid exposures to STIs were proved as the primary prevention measures of the disease while treatment of pre-cancerous lesions and requires a practical test were found as the secondary preventive measure.
"Around 13,000 new cases of cervical cancer and another 15,000 of breast cancer are being detected every year in the country," said Dr Hasina Akhter, Associate Professor and Head of Gynecology and Obstetrics Department of RMCH.
She, however, said the Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening Programme is being implemented in her gynecology ward for conducting clinical based examination.
Dr Hasina said around 275 cases were detected as Visual Inspection of Cervix with Acetic acid (VIA) positive out of some 3000 female patients suffering from various gynecological disorders in 2010.
Terming the cervical cancer and breast cancer as risky diseases she said its prevalence is higher among the women.
She added that the RMCH has been conducting the pre-detection screening and diagnosis activities along with providing necessary treatment free of cost under the VIA Centre for the last couple of years. Currently, she said around 30-40 patients are coming to the centre everyday.
She said pre-detection of cervical cancer by VIA and self and clinical based examination of breast cancer has been found as effective to manage the diseases successfully.
Dr Hasina stated that the field level staffs and employees of health and family planning departments have a vital role to play to create public awareness relating to prevalence and precautionary and preventive measures of the disease.