DHAKA, March 25 (BSS) - The nation is set to celebrate the 42nd Independence and National Day tomorrow with a fresh vow to uphold the spirit of the Liberation War amid an intensified campaign for expediting the war crimes trial.
Glowing tributes will be paid to the martyrs and veterans of the Great War of Liberation.
Every year, March 26 brings the most tragic reminiscence of the history's blackest episode that heralded a nine-month bloody ordeal from the night following March 25, 1971 in achieving the long-cherished independence on December 16 the same year at the cost of a sea of blood.
In the wake of the military crackdown, Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman, who became the undisputed leader of the then Pakistan following the massive victory of his party Awami League in the 1970 general elections, declared Independence of Bangladesh through the then EPR (East Pakistan Rifles) wireless at 00-30 hours on March 26 (the night following March 25) in 1971 at his historic Road-32 residence at Dhanmondi here.
The great leader also called upon the people to build up strong resistance against the Pakistani barbaric forces. The Pakistani military junta in a bid to stop the legitimate movement of the Bangalees arrested Bangabandhu on that night following his declaration of Independence.
Later, Bangabandhu was taken to the then West Pakistan where he had to spend long nine months in a dark condemned cell.
According to Banglapedia, Bangabandhu wrote down the declaration of independence soon after the Pakistani army cracked down on the fateful night of March 25, 1971. The declaration was soon put on air by wireless.
The declaration was first broadcast by Awami League leader M A Hannan from Kalurghat Radio Station in port city Chittagong on March 26, 1971.
However, on March 27, 1971, the then Major Ziaur Rahman announced the proclamation of independence on behalf of great leader angabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman from the same radio station.
The Pakistani military junta in their monstrous outburst unleashed a bloody holocaust breaking the silence of the night following March 25 in 1971 when they mercilessly killed innocent Bangalees including students, police, soldiers, pedestrians and rickshaw-pullers here.
The nation soon launched the War of Liberation at the call of Father of the Nation Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman in the early hours of March 26.
Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country on December 16, 1971 with the surrender of the Pakistani occupation
forces, who killed three million innocent Bangalees, perpetrated
atrocities upon 200,000 (two lakh) Bangalee women and burnt down
lakhs of dwelling houses all over the country during the nine-
President Md Zillur Rahman and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
today issued separate messages on the eve of the Independence Day
calling upon the nation to uphold the spirit of the War of
Liberation to fulfill the dreams of the valiant Freedom Fighters,
who embraced martyrdom for the cause of their beloved motherland.
Leader of the Opposition Begum Khaleda Zia also issued a separate message conveying her best wishes to the people and paying rich tributes to the memories of the martyrs of the War of Liberation.
The day's programmes will be heralded with a 31-gun salute early in the morning as a mark of respect to the heroic struggle of this nation, which suffered a protracted subjugation under foreign rules from time to time till achieving their coveted Independence in 1971.
The day is a public holiday. The national flag will fly atop all government and private buildings while all streets and important city intersections will be tastefully decorated with national and multi-coloured miniature flags and festoons.
Important buildings and establishments as well as city streets and islands will be illuminated with colourful lights.
The nation will also pay glowing tributes to Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman and valiant sons of the soil whose supreme sacrifices freed the country from the of Pakistani bondage.
The National Memorial at Savar will be the main venue of the celebration of the day where President Md Zillur Rahman and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina will place wreaths in the early morning as a mark of profound respect to the memories of the martyrs.
A children's rally will be held at Bangabandhu National Stadium at 9 am on the occasion. Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is expected to attend the rally as the chief guest where she will inspect the march-past of the children and take salute.
In the afternoon, the President will host a reception for the dignitaries, noted citizens and diplomats at Bangabhaban on the occasion.
Newspapers will bring out special supplements while Bangladesh Betar and Bangladesh Television and private radio stations and television channels will air special programmes highlighting the significance of the day.
Marking the day, special prayers will be offered in all mosques, temples, churches and other places of worship across the country seeking divine blessings for the eternal peace of the
departed souls of Father of the Nation, four national leaders,
martyrs of the War of Liberation and all other patriotic sons of
Islamic Foundation, Bangladesh (IFB) will hold Quran Khwani and Doa Mahfil at the Baitul Mukarram National Mosque in the city and in its district offices across the country on the occasion.
Different political parties as well as socio-cultural and professional organisations have drawn up elaborate programmes to
observe the day in a befitting manner.
The programmes include hoisting of the national flag, placing
of wreaths at the National Memorial at Savar, offering special prayer, holding seminar and discussion and organising military hardware show and cultural functions.
Bangladesh Awami League has chalked out a two-day programme to observe the Independence Day.
The programme includes hoisting of the national flag and party flag at the Bangabandhu Bhaban and all party offices across the country at dawn, placing of wreaths at the National Memorial at Savar at 6 am and at the portrait of Bangabandhu at Bangabandhu Memorial Museum at Dhanmondi at 7 am.
Besides, a team of central leaders will place wreaths at the mazar of Father of the Nation at Tungipara in Gopalganj district at 11 am. The AL leaders will also attend a Milad and Doa Mahfil there, according to an AL press release.
Ruling Awami League will also hold a discussion at Bangabandhu International Conference Centre (BICC) in the city at 3-30 pm on March 27. Awami League President and Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina is scheduled to attend the discussion as the chief guest.
Bangladesh Nationalists Party (BNP), Jatiya Party, Workers
Party, Jatiya Samjtantrik Dal (JSD), Communist Party of Bangladesh (CPB), Gano Forum and some other main stream political parties and their associate bodies have also drawn various programmes to mark the 42nd Independent Day.
Apart from organising various programmes on the occasion, Sammilito Sangskritik Jote, a combine of the country's leading cultural bodies will organise a candle-light vigil at the memorial of Dhaka University (near vice-chancellor's residence) at 7-30 pm and at Rajarbagh Police lines memorial at 9 pm as a mark of respect to those massacred on the black night of March 25 by the occupation Pakistani forces.